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Ukrainian Carpathians

Experience the beauty and magic of the Carpathian Mountains. The crystal streams, majestic peaks and sweet smelling forests will enchant you. This region is not only famous for its natural beauty but for the cultural richness of its inhabitants. Visit the local mountain markets where master artisans sell their folk art treasures. See history unveil before your eyes as age-old customs, traditions and folk dress come to life before you. The Carpathian Mountains are an adventure you will not soon forget! Carpathian Mountains - the oldest mountain range in Europe and distinctive cultural region. Vacationing in the Carpathian Mountains all year round. This is a land of magical landscapes, lakes and thick forests. Due to its healing climate, mountain air and many mineral springs, this region is on the right title "All-Ukrainian resorts.
Carpathian Mountains - a real tourist gem. For lovers of active leisure Carpathians - sweet home. After all, this region has huge potential: there are opportunities for sports - Alpine skiing, paragliding, rafting, hiking, fishing, hunting and stuff, and for the treatment - various mineral and thermal waters. In addition, in the Carpathian Mountains, you can see many interesting things: mountain pine, which grows on Mount Pop Ivan at over 2000 meters, the highest tree - European larch, whose height - 54 meters and the lowest - willow tupolistuyu whose height - 15 inches - on the slopes of Bliznitsa. In the spring, not far from Rakhova, you can see the valley blooming daffodils. You will learn about karst caves, many nature reserves, the remains of ancient fortresses and the former Prince's Palace. And as with the salt lakes a la Dead Sea in Israel, these lakes are much smaller in size, but the same medicinal properties, numerous nature reserves, the remains of ancient fortresses and the former princely palace. Unique untouched nature, the beauty of mountains, clean air …
Carpathians are conventionally divided into 2 parts - Prykarpattya and Transcarpathia. Prykarpattya - is Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi region, Transcarpathia - Transcarpathian or Uzhgorod region. Part of the Lviv region is also located in the mountains (southern part). Mountains high, of volcanic origin, the average height of about 1200-1400 meters. The highest point is near the village of Yassin and Yablunitsa - mountain Goverla - 2061 m. Nearby are all dvuhtysyachniki Ukrainian Carpathians - Petros, Hamster, Pop Ivan. Wonderful climate, mountain air and mineral waters create ideal conditions for health promotion. Hotels, resorts and chalets are located in the picturesque countryside - in the river valleys, close to crystal clear lakes at the foot of the mountains and mountain ridges, surrounded by fabulous virgin forests. The main curative factor in the Transcarpathian region are carbonate or hydro-carbonate-sodium chloride mineral water. Healing the natural wealth and modern medical facilities can get the sweeping effect in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and biliary tract, metabolic, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and nervous systems.

In the Carpathians there are many sources of mineral waters. That is why tourists come here not only for recreation, but also for the treatment of diseases and general health of the organism. Particular attention should be paid to clean the air - after the big cities the difference is very significant. The air is fresh, with a high content of ozone, with a slight scent of pine needles. Therefore, there are many sanatoriums for treatment of respiratory diseases.
Also, the Carpathians are the ideal place for treatment and recovery thanks to the numerous mineral springs. The most famous spa resorts of the Carpathians - Svalyava, Polyana, Bruise. Ukrainian Carpathians generously reward all those who visited this region, a magnificent spectacle of natural landscapes, the beauty of virgin forest health. Any part of the Ukrainian Carpathians is unique and original. This feast for the eyes growing on mountain slopes orchards and vineyards. And over the forests stretch alpine meadows with lush vegetation. In winter, the Carpathians are especially popular and attractive for skiing holidays. Mountains are located in 4 areas of Ukraine: Lviv, Transcarpathian, Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi. Mountain peaks covered with snow for about 5 months during the year. In virtually every region there is a place for skiing - Ski resorts, motels are usually located in areas suitable for skiing and snowboarding. The most popular ski resorts are Slavske, Bukovel, Dragobrat. There are slopes of any level of complexity, but black. Ski season in the Carpathians runs from December to March. Summer in Carpathians riding tourists who prefer a green tourism - a horse-riding, swimming in mountain rivers, etc., or extreme tourism - is hiking on foot and by bicycle, jeep tours, paragliding.
We offer holidays in the Carpathians: Prykarpattya (Slavsko, Yaremche Bukovel)Transcarpathia (Dragobrat, Bruise, Glade, Podobovets, Pilipets, Sinevir. Shayan). Sanatorium "Mountain Tees" for treatment and rest throughout the year.

Geographic position. 
Ukrainian Carpathians are part of Eastern Carpathians and rise in the west of Ukraine within Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Transcarpathian and Chernivtsi regions. Carpathians on the territory of Ukraine extend from north-west to south-east as a strip 270 km in length and 100-110 km in width. These are mid-height mountains; their average height is 1000 m. All the highest peaks – Hoverla (2061 m), Brebenescul (2032 m), Pop-Ivan (2032 m), Petros (2020 m), Hutyn-Tomnatyk (2016 m), Rebra (2010 m) are concentrated in the mountain mass of Chornogora. Hoverla is the highest mountain and the highest point on the territory of modern Ukraine. Hoverla is located on the border of Transcarpathian and Ivano-Frankivsk regions, about 17 km from the border with Romania. The name is of Hungarian origin and means “snowy mountain”. The first tourist route with climbing the mountain was opened in 1880. Today hundreds of tourists ascend the mountain every day. When visibility is good to the north you can see cities of Ivano-Frankivsk, Kolomiya and Snyatyn, and in southern direction – Roman city Sighetu-Marmatiei. At the foot of the mountain is one of the sources of river Prut. Not far from the place where water is out of the rocks, is a waterfall, height of which is about 80 m. Brebenescul is one of the highest peaks of the ridge Chornogora, is in the middle of the ridge on the border of Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions. Mount Pip Ivan is on the south-eastern end of the ridge. The mountain is famous mainly by the building of the former observatory “White elephant”, which stands at the top of the mountain. The name of the observatory was most likely due to the fact that every winter it accumulates much snow and ice, becoming to look like a large white beast from the distance. Mount Petros is located at the north-western end of the ridge Chornogora between mountains Sheshul and Hoverla in Rakhiv district of Transcarpathian region. The mountain is a tourist attraction with starting point at railway station Kvasy. Route length is 15 km. Hutyn-Tomnatyk is the peak of the western spur of Chornogora. Subalpine and alpine vegetation with a large number of rare and relict species grows on the mountain. Peak Rebra is located in the central part of the ridge. A number of rare plants listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, including cedar pine, Carpathian yellow herb, recumbent cliff-dweller, etc. are also growing there.
At an altitude of 1793 m above sea level on the south-western slope of Chornogora ridge, in the valley between the mountains Brebenescul and Hutyn-Tomnatyk is located the very high-altitude lake of Ukraine, Brebenescul.
There are about 28 thousand rivers in Carpathians. The largest rivers are Dnister and Tysa. Such rivers as Latoritsa, Teresva, Stryy, Prut, Siret, Uzh, White and Black Cheremosh were formed as a result of fractures in the earth. The rivers originate in the depths of the mountains, at high altitudes. Rapids and waterfalls are often found.
Climate. The climate of Carpathians is determined primarily by geographic location of the mountains, their significant height above sea level, form of relief. Depending on the altitude above sea level and sum of active temperatures, in Carpathians are defined six climatic zones: very warm, warm and moderately warm (in the plains and foothills), cool – in the middle mountains, moderately cold and cold – in the highlands. Carpathians belong to humid mountain regions. They are located on the routes of western and eastern air currents, which bring from Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Black seas significant amount of moisture.    

Population. The territory of Ukrainian Carpathians is inhabited by representatives of about 76 different nationalities, who have created a unique cultural diversity of this region. Most of the population are Ukrainians. Carpathian Ukrainians are divided into three ethnographic groups: Boyky, who inhabit central part of Ukrainian Carpathians (south-western part of Rozhnyatyvskyy and Dolynskyy districts of Ivano-Frankivsk region, Skole, Turka, southern strip of Stryy, Drohobych, Sambir and most part of Staryy Sambir districts of Lviv region, northern part of Velykobereznyanskyy, Volovetskyy and Mizhgirskyy districts of Transcarpathian region), Lemky in the western part of Carpathians, on both slopes of the so-called Low Beskyds (part of Velykobereznyanskyy and Perechynskyy districts of Transcarpathian region), Hutsuls in eastern part of Ukrainian Carpathians (Verkhovynskyy, Kosiv, southern part of Nadvirna and Bohorodchany districts of Ivano-Frankivsk region, adjacent Putylskyy, southern part of Vyzhnytskyy and Starozhynetskyy districts of Chernivtsi region, Rakhiv district of Transcarpathian region). Hungarians, Russians, Romanians, Gypsies, Slovaks, Germans, Jews, Belarusians, Czechs, Poles, Italians, Armenians, Azerbaijanians and representatives of other nationalities also live in Carpathians.
National characteristics. Most common practices in this area are off the mountain valley, Hutsul wedding and religious calendar holidays, particularly Christmas-New Year with Christmas carols and schedrivky (including "Basil", "Vodokreschenya", "Melanki" Hutsul "Rozkolyada") and Easter with the Easter "
A big celebration for local residents are seeing gutsulsky shepherds on remote mountain valley for grazing. This occurs in May and lasts until September. Conditions of life of shepherds in a mountain valley difficult. The work lasts from dawn till night, and yet each gutsul dreams of becoming poloninnikom. There are three things that characterize the life gutsulsky shepherds - a cheese, and Trembita Vatra. Under poloninskie tunes leader ignites a fire - Vatra, and the guys dancing hutsul ritual male dance Arkan "with a small ax in his hands. Nearing completion off a festive concert.
Hutsul wedding as a fairy tale. Even now hutsuls maintain their traditions. These and still dressed in national dress, decorate their horses. On the wedding day the bride and groom escorted the boyars, pals, svetilki, matchmakers, the headman. The wedding is full of cheerful and plaintive songs, dances, games, fun, jokes, and jokes. No wedding is complete without loaves or rolls, embroidered or woven towels and bouquets, which cling to clothing reviews and branches of trees.
Preparations for Christmas begin in Hutsulshchyna advance. Mistress in the morning on January 6th lit a live fire in the furnace of the twelve pieces of wood and cook twelve ritual vegetable dishes. Among the foods of the Holy Supper in the first place is kutia - boiled wheat with honey, poppy seeds and walnuts.
Established Christian Church in honor of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ on Easter Hutsulshchyna observed richness of ritual actions and practices. On Palm Sunday hutsuls bring the church consecrated willow-trick (in Hutsulshchyna it is called "бьєчка"), hit a bit of any of his family, saying: "I did not beat, beat бьєчка - now a week Easter!" Consecrated joke-willow in the notion ancestors possessed healing properties gutsul had welcomed as Christ. Great post - this time making krashanok. In any village in Yaremche were their masters.
Kitchen. Hutsul cuisine distinguish three qualities: delicious, nourishing, naturally. Its worth to try at least out of curiosity. Hutsuls who eat such foods, live very long. Milk from the Carpathian Valleys (alpine meadows) is not worse than the Alpine. Dishes with mushrooms, banosh is prepared for hundreds of years and have mastered this art to perfection. After breakfast hutsul you have enough strength for a long pedestrian crossing. Most traditional dishes are amazing under the local brew, however, as under the expensive drinks.
Restaurants and coffee shops will offer you the traditional dishes of Ukrainian cuisine: soup, potato pancakes, dumplings, pancakes. They also have a wide range of European dishes. Hutsul dishes are very simple and at the same time, original. Most hutsuls for cooking uses corn grits, potatoes, mushrooms. Hutsul cuisine is known for its home-smoked meats, mushroom yushkoy, cabbage rolls, and cheese - feta cheese, which is prepared shepherds Summer highland pastures.
Historical housing hutsuls on the summer pastures was kolyba - original wooden structure in shape, with an elevated roof in the form of a cone. Now, each tourist can visit the hire of, not rising high in the mountains, as modern Kolybas - are small Hutsul restaurants built, usually on the road. In addition to their inherent architectural differences, hire became the embodiment of the best traditions of national cuisine.

Traditions and customs.

Christmas is one of the most respected festivals in the Ukrainian Carpathians. It starts with the celebration of Christmas eve evening of 6 January with family dinner. Housewives morning light the "live fire" in the twelve pieces of wood stoves and cook twelve ritual vegetable dishes. On the table laying the hay and lay cloth, the corners of the table put the garlic cloves, pressed down so the evil forces and wheat, to multiply children. When the first star appears and the eldest in the family enters the house specially woven sheaf of wheat, which is called Didukh. Then begins the prayer-prigovarivanie - an invitation to all souls in the holy supper, and a petition about the blessing of family and economy. She says the eldest in the family or man. Then the family begins the holy supper. The most interesting is kolyadovanie (ceremonial round houses and execution of Christmas carols - folk songs with religious content). Once heard the sound trembita, children and young people go caroling. In addition to going caroling cribs, which show Christmas theatrical performances. The girls, who carols, called "korolitsami, and boys -" Deschampsia ".
One of the most joyous of holidays is the celebration of the Resurrection of Christ - the biggest Christian holiday. On Palm Sunday, a week before Easter, the people sanctify palm branches, which are called "bechkami, hit a little each of his family, saying" I did not beat, beat bechka - now a week Easter! ". Consecrated willow hanging at home, it is considered that it has healing properties.
On the eve of Easter all ready for the holiday - fast for 40 days, attend special prayers on Lent and Easter are preparing attributes. The oldest is an attribute of the Easter egg - an Easter egg, decorated with paintings and ornaments - even pre-Christian symbol of the sun, life, immortality, rebirth, goodness, joy and happiness. In the Christian tradition of Easter egg became a symbol of faith in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. In ornamented Easter eggs, residents are preparing Carpathian Easter dishes that sanctify Sunday during the morning liturgy. At Easter all day long is bottled in the mountains of church bells, telling about the great Christian good news.
National dishes. Ethnic diversity reflected in the Carpathians in the local cuisine. Together with such typical Ukrainian dishes like borscht, dumplings and stuffed cabbage, the menu must meet banosh (maize porridge with cheese, bacon or mushrooms). In banosh like borscht in every village a recipe. Mushroom soup as an integral dish Carpathian cuisine. The menu does not get along without all sorts of dishes from fish, mostly trout, caught in the crystal clear mountain streams. Carpathian slopes are known as special varieties of grapes, which are traditionally bred and used for the production of excellent wines.